Monday, January 14, 2019

Marchang (མར་ཆང་) An important offering in every occasion

Marchang is an alcohol offering. Marchang refers to chang with mar (Alcohol with butter). Usually marchang offering is made to commence an auspicious event, mark a vital occasion or receive an honored guest. Alcohol is put with fermented grains in a decorated traditional vessel called thro, with a wooden traditional serving ladle. The container is decked with three butter decorations or their substitutes and the offering is made with chanting a prayer collectively.

The prayer was composed by Drukpa Kagyu master Pema Karpo.

The recitation starts with the transformation of the ordinary alcohol into transcendental nectar by chanting the three powerful syllables of om, ah, hung. 

During marchang, one offers these five spiritual nectars firstly to the root and lineage gurus or teachers. As shown in the text below, then one makes offerings of these five nectars to all the deities of four tantric systems: kriya, charya, yoga and anuttarayoga. This is followed by offerings to the powerful male and female spiritual partners who help us on our spiritual path, and to the dharma protectors and guardian deities led by Mahakala. Finally, one makes the offering to all the sentient beings including those who reside in the particular house or area. These groups of beings are the recipients of the offering of spiritual nectars, which are represented by the marchang alcohol.
ཨོྃ་ཨཱ་ཧཱུྃ། མཆོད་དོ། ཕུད་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་ མངའ་བདག རིགས་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་དབང་ཕྱུག་ དཀྱིལ་འཁོར་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་གཙོ་བོ། དུས་གསུམ་སངས་རྒྱས་ཐམས་ཅད་ཀྱི་སྐུ་གསུང་ཐུགས་གཉིས་སུ་མེད་པའི་ཡེ་ཤེས་ཀྱི་ངོ་བོ་རྩ་བརྒྱུད་ཀྱི་རྗེ་བཙུན་དཔལ་ལྡན་བླ་མ་དམ་པ་མ་ལུས་ཤིང་ལུས་པ་མེད་པ་རྣམས་ཀྱི་ཞལ་དུ་པཉྩ་ཨམྲྀཏ་པཱུ་ཛ་ཁཱ་ཧི།

Om Ah Hum! O All excellent, noble, sublime, root and lineage gurus, who are supreme ones [entitled] to the first portion, the lords of all the [Buddha] families, the principal of all mandalas and the embodiment of the non-dual wisdom of body, speech, and mind of the Buddhas of three times! Please enjoy the offering of the five nectars.

བྱ་བའི་རྒྱུད་ སྤྱོད་པའི་རྒྱུད་ རྣལ་འབྱོར་གྱི་རྒྱུད་ རྣལ་འབྱོར་བླ་ན་མེད་པའི་རྒྱུད་དང་འབྲེལ་བའི་ཡི་དམ་དཀྱིལ་འཁོར་གྱི་ལྷ་ཚོགས་ མ་ལུས་ཤིང་ལུས་པ་མེད་པ་རྣམས་ཀྱི་ཞལ་དུ་པཉྩ་ཨམྲྀཏ་པཱུ་ཛ་ཁཱ་ཧི།
O All assemblies of yidam deities of mandalas which are associated with action tantra, conduct tantra, yoga tantra and unsurpassable yoga tantra! Please enjoy the offering of the five nectars.

གནས་གསུམ་གྱི་དཔའ་བོ་དང་ མཁའ་འགྲོ་མ་རྣམས་དང་ དུར་ཁྲོད་ཆེན་པོ་བརྒྱད་ནང་གནས་པའི་ཕྱོགས་སྐྱོང་དང་ ཞིང་སྐྱོང་གི་མཁའ་འགྲོ་མ་ མ་ལུས་ཤིང་ ལུས་པ་མེད་པ་རྣམས་ཀྱི་ཞལ་དུ་པཉྩ་ཨམྲྀཏ་པཱུ་ཛ་ཁཱ་ཧི།
O All heroes and dakinis of three power spots and the cardinal and territorial gaurdian-dakinis in the eight great charnel grounds! Please enjoy the offering of the five nectars.

དཔལ་མ་ཧཱ་ཀཱ་ལ་ ཁྲག་འཐུང་གི་རྒྱལ་པོ་ རྣལ་འབྱོར་གྱི་དགྲ་ལྷ་ དུག་གསུམ་གྱི་སྨན་པ་གཙུག་ལག་ཁང་དང་ དཀྱིལ་འཁོར་གྱི་སྲུང་མ་ཆེན་པོ་ བྱ་རོག་མིང་ཅན་འཁོར་བཀའ་སྡོད་དང་བཅས་པ་ལ་སོགས་པ་ དམ་པ་ཆོས་སྐྱོང་བ་མ་ལུས་ཤིང་ལུས་པ་མེད་པ་རྣམས་ཀྱི་ཞལ་དུ་པཉྩ་ཨམྲྀཏ་པཱུ་ཛ་ཁཱ་ཧི།
O Glorious Mahakala, the king of blood-drinkers, the dralha god of the yogis, the healer of the three poisons, the great guardian of holy institutions and mandalas, the one renowned as Raven, your retinue, subjects, and all other guardians of sacred dharma! Please enjoy the offering of the five nectars.

Further, O Eight classes of gods and spirits including those who reside in this land and all the sentient beings included in the six realms and four modes of birth! Please enjoy the offering of the five nectars.

The chief guest holding the lower part of the flag by his or her right hand says the following prayer:
འཇིག་རྟེན་བདེ་ཞིང་ལོ་ལེགས་དང་། འབྲུ་རྣམས་འཕེལ་ཞིང་ཕྱུགས་འཕེལ་བ།  
བདེ་ལེགས་ཐམས་ཅད་འགྲུབ་པ་དང་། ཡིད་ལ་འདོད་པ་ཀུན་འགྲུབ་ཤོག

Let the year be good and may the peace prevail,
Let there be increased productivity of grains and cattle,
Let all the auspiciousness be accomplished in the world, 
And may all wishes be fulfilled.

Offering recitation translated by Dr. Karma Phuntsho 

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